Hello. My name is Dr. Phil Slonkosky, chief science geek here at Integrative Health Supplements and in this video I am going to answer the question, what is the difference between CBD and THC.
As hemp oil and CBD oils become more popular and more mainstream, it is important for you to recognize that there is a difference between CBD and THC. The first thing you need to recognize is whether or not the reason you’re looking into these oils is for some sort of symptom or ailment that may be benefited by either a CBD product or a CBD product with THC. Now that’s the difference between whether or not you have something that could be a Broad Spectrum or an isolate and there’s another video that discusses that.
But in this video I want to focus on the difference between CBD and THC. CBD stands for cannabidiol. THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol. Now they’re both what are known as cannabinoids, meaning that both of those chemicals, or compounds we should say, are able to interact with the endocannabinoid system. Now your endocannabinoid system is a system of receptors, but I want you to think of it as a system like your body has a nervous system, your body has a digestive system. Well now your body has an endocannabinoid system. This was discovered in the early 1990’s when they identified the CB1 receptor and the CB2 receptor.
Now think of a receptor as a lock on your cell. If you have your cell and there’s a little lock, a little keyhole. Now that keyhole, when the right key comes in, engages it and opens up your cell to receive different compounds. Electrolytes or materials it needs to make a new cell. Well that’s kind of how the CB1 CB2 receptors are. The CB1 receptors, for example, are located in brain tissue. They’re also located in vascular tissue, and other parts of the body, but in early research they were looking at brain and nervous tissue, and that’s where THC came in because THC binds to that CB1 receptor in the brain and causes that euphoric effect. The high that people so commonly associate with it.
Now the CB2 receptor is found throughout the rest of the body, primarily an immune regulator, other parts like the pancreas, the GI system. They continue to discover more every day and will continue to discover more. But when talking about THC and CBD, a key difference is that THC is the one that binds to that CB1 regulator.
Now CBD, having a lot of wonderful effects that are helping the body because it interacts with the endocannabinoid system throughout, and because it doesn’t cause the high, is a healthier alternative. I should say a more optimal alternative for a product, because you don’t have to worry about the high and effects. Now what gets tricky is that there are different disease states that the research is showing, where having the CBD with a little bit of THC, or a certain ratio of THC, shows a greater response.
So in summary, one thing to remember is this. CBD and THC are both cannabinoids. They’re within the same family of compounds and there’s over 100 different types of different cannabinoids that are out there, and both of those molecules can interact with different receptors but THC really loves it’s CB1 receptor. Now this cannabidiol, CBD, will work with all these other receptors but in the end it’s the CBD that’s more popular because it’s not associated with the psychoactive or the high.
Now to make things even more confusing is that when you start looking a the difference between CBD and THC, and as I mentioned earlier when they work together they actually in some diseases are being shown to have a greater effect, you can then add what are known as flavonoids and terpenes and these other compounds to create the entourage effect. Now we’ll